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Knitting Abbreviations

Don't Get Lost in Translation

One of the most frustrating things for beginning knitters is trying to decipher patterns that are filled with abbreviations. It can feel like a code you'll never be able to decipher. But this chart can help: it has all of the standard abbreviations used in knitting patterns, as well as their "translations."

alt alternate psso pass slipped stitch over
beg begin/beginning pwise purlwise
bet between rem remain/remaining
BO bind off rep repeat(s)
CA color A rev St st reverse stockinette stitch
CB color B RH right hand
CC contrasting color rnd(s) round(s)
cm centimeters sk skip
cn cable needle skp slip, knit, pass slipped stitch over
CO cast on sk2p slip one stitch, knit two together, pass slipped stitch over
cont continue sl slip
dec decrease/decreases/decreasing sl1k slip one knitwise
dpn double-pointed needle(s) sl1p slip one purlwise
fl front loop(s) sl st slip stitch(es)
foll follows/following ss slip stitch (in Canadian patterns)
g gram ssk slip, slip, knit those two stitches together
inc increase sssk slip, slip, slip, knit three slipped stitches together
K knit st(s) stitch(es)
k2tog knit two together St st stockinette stitch
kwise knitwise tbl through back loop
LH left hand tog together
lp(s) loop(s) WS wrong side
m meters wyib with yarn in back
M1 make one stitch wyif with yarn in front
M1 p-st make one purl stitch yds yards
MC main color yfwd yarn forward (yarn over)
mm millimeters yo yarn over
oz ounce yrn yarn around needle (yarn over)
P (or p) purl yon yarn over needle (yarn over)
pat(s) or patt pattern(s) yo yarn over
pm place marker [ ] work instructions in brackets as many times as directed
pop popcorn bobble ( ) work instructions in parenthesis as directed (also used to indicate size changes)
p2tog purl two together ** repeat instructions after asterisks as directed
prev previous * repeat pattern following asterisk as directed

Source: Yarn Standards

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